Looking after your skin
Ageing decreases antioxidant activity, there is a reduction in SOD (super oxide dimutase) and Catalase, energy cell repair and renewal is diminished and antioxidant enzymes are less available.
Dehydration is the largest easily corrected cause of accelerated aging, particularly of the skin. An intake of 2 litres of water per day, and the exclusion of diuretics such as coffee, will slow down aging.
Sunlight damage on skin can be protected against with the use of SPF factor 30, as well as high dose antioxidants, taken orally. Astaxanthins together with vitamins A, C, and E are protective.
The protein collagen is particularly prone to free radical damage causing cross-linking of collagen proteins causing stiffness and less flexibility of the skin. Sunlight can stimulate inflammatory products, skin collagen degradation and photo aging.
Factors that accelerate skin ageing
- Sun exposure
- Cigarette smoke
- Environmental Toxins
- Poor Diet
- Excess Alcohol consumption
- Lack of sleep
One way of counteracting the above risk factors is to increase the intake of antioxidants, a diet rich in fruit and vegetables, and by direct topical application of antioxidants. Low molecular weight antioxidants especially Vitamins C and E, Alpha Lipoic acid all exert protective effects against free radical damage.Topical Vitamin C esters plus Vitamin E prevent oxidative damage.
Alpha – Lipoic acid turns off messenger NFKB, decreases glycation, and pore size, resulting in a decrease in facial lines when applied topically. Liposome delivery technology ensures better delivery to inner layers of skin.
Nourishing the skin from the inside
- Eliminate processed foods from the diet, including high levels of sodium, sugar, and satured fat.
- Eat fruits, berries, vegetables, whole grains, nuts and seeds, plus small amounts of protein.
- 2 litres of water /day.
- Avoid fried food, and barbecued meat.
- 1-2 units of alcohol/day
- High antioxidant foods, peppers, berries, spinach, cruciate vegetables (cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli.
- Multivitamin/Mineral supplements.
- EFP’S OMEGA 3’S, oily fish, walnut oil, hemp seed oil, perilla oil.If eczema is present use oil of evening primrose oil or borage oil.
- 9, Vitamin D3 800 I.U./day-2000 I.U. /day.
Hormones and skin
Dry, flaky tired looking skin is suggestive of an under active thyroid gland. Always check thyroid function in the menopause, the vitamins and minerals necessary for the conversion of T4-T3, namely iron, zinc, magnesium, selenium, manganese and others may be low, and supplementation with these important co- factors may reverse marginal hypothyroidism without the necessity of using thyroxin.
Oestrogen promotes the formation of collagen and hyaluronic acid, ageing reduces oestrogen and collagen.
Postmenopausal women who replace oestrogen and testosterone have 48% thicker healthier skin.
DHEA declines from age 30 onwards, and is often low in post menopausal women. DHEA has powerful anti oxidant skin protective benefits. It protects the skin’s blood vessels, and has an anti inflammatory action. DHEA can be delivered both systemically and Transdermally.
This hormone is a very strong antioxidant and protects against U.V. radiation, it also plays a part in repairing burned skin. Interestingly patients with psoriasis and atopic eczema do not have normal melatonin secretion.
Diet and lifestyle have a potent effect on the appearance and health of the skin. To slow ageing skin and partially reverse it, a comprehensive approach including protecting the skin against sunlight, pollutants, applying protective sun screens and the use of topical agents in the form of antioxidants, including DHEA, and MELATONIN, creams to preserve and rejuvenate the skin.